Aristotle

(384 – 322 / Greece)

Quotations

  • ''Rhetoric may be defined as the faculty of observing in any given case the available means of persuasion.''
    Aristotle (384-323 B.C.), Greek philosopher. Rhetoric 1.2; 1355b27-28, trans. by Roberts, The Complete Works of Aristotle, ed. Jonathan Barnes, Princeton, Princeton University Press (1985).
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  • ''Of the modes of persuasion furnished by the spoken word there are three kinds. The first kind depends on the personal character of the speaker; the second on putting the audience into a certain frame of mind; the third on the proof, provided by the words of the speech itself.''
    Aristotle (384-323 B.C.), Greek philosopher. Rhetoric 1.2; 1358a2-4, trans. by Roberts, The Complete Works of Aristotle, ed. Jonathan Barnes, Princeton, Princeton University Press (1985).
  • ''In making a speech one must study three points: first, the means of producing persuasion; second, the language; third the proper arrangement of the various parts of the speech.''
    Aristotle (384-323 B.C.), Greek philosopher. Rhetoric 1.3; 1403b5-7, trans. by Roberts, The Complete Works of Aristotle, ed. Jonathan Barnes, Princeton, Princeton University Press (1985).
  • ''Wit is educated insolence.''
    Aristotle (384-322 B.C.), Greek philosopher. The Art of Rhetoric, bk. 2, sct. 12, subsct. 16.
  • ''The moral virtues, then, are produced in us neither by nature nor against nature. Nature, indeed, prepares in us the ground for their reception, but their complete formation is the product of habit.''
    Aristotle (384-322 B.C.), Greek philosopher. The Ethics of Aristotle, bk. 3, ch. 1 (1953).
  • ''What the statesman is most anxious to produce is a certain moral character in his fellow citizens, namely a disposition to virtue and the performance of virtuous actions.''
    Aristotle (384-22 B.C.), Greek philosopher. The Ethics of Aristotle, bk. 1, ch. 9 (1953).
  • ''We praise a man who feels angry on the right grounds and against the right persons and also in the right manner at the right moment and for the right length of time.''
    Aristotle (384-322 B.C.), Greek philosopher. The Nicomachean Ethics, ch. 4, sect. 5 subsect. 3 (written c. 340 B.C.).
  • ''Young men have strong passions and tend to gratify them indiscriminately. Of the bodily desires, it is the sexual by which they are most swayed and in which they show absence of control...They are changeable and fickle in their desires which are violent while they last, but quickly over: their impulses are keen but not deep rooted.''
    Aristotle (4th century B.C.), Greek philosopher.
  • ''Good habits formed at youth make all the difference.''
    Aristotle (384-322 B.C.), Greek philosopher.
  • ''Plato is dear to me, but dearer still is truth.''
    Aristotle (384-322 B.C.), Greek philosopher. Attributed to Aristotle.

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Hymn To Virtue

Virtue, to men thou bringest care and toil;
Yet art thou life's best, fairest spoil!
O virgin goddess, for thy beauty's sake
To die is delicate in this our Greece,
Or to endure of pain the stern strong ache.
Such fruit for our soul's ease
Of joys undying, dearer far than gold
Or home or soft-eyed sleep, dost thou unfold!
It was for thee the seed of Zeus,

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