Kazim Jarwali [Shair-e-Fikr] (15 June 1955 / Jarwal / India)
Biography of Kazim Jarwali
Kazim Jarwali (Shaer-e-Fikr) (Hindi: काज़िम जरवली; Urdu: کاظم جرولی ) is renowned Urdu poets of current times. Deep thoughts in his poetry admires his fans and he is widely known as "Shair-e-Fikr". Kazim Jarwali has been honoured with innumerable awards, honours and mementos.
Early Life and Education
Syed Kazim Ali Rizvi aka "Kazim Jarwali", born on the June 15, 1955 at Jarwal (80Kms from Lucknow city). He is son of freedom fighter Dr. Syed Imtiaz Ali Rizvi and his mother was daughter of Raees-e-Jarwal Talluqdaar Late Syed Khursheed Haider Kazmi S/O Sub-Judge Late Syed Haider Mehndi Kazmi Raees-e-Jarwal and Talluqdaar of Alinagar.
Kazim Jarwali got his early education in Jarwal and after higher secondary from Kisan Inter College Jarwal Road, he later moved to Lucknow in 1973 for higher education which he did in University of Lucknow. He completed Masters of Arts in Arab Culture from Lucknow University in 1977 and been awarded Gold Medal. He settled in Lucknow since then and got married to daughter of famous shia scholar of Lucknow Ayatullah Saeedul Millat Abqati, the lineage of Abqati family.
Kazim Jarwali started writing poetry in early age and is full time involved in urdu poetry. Presently, he works in Shia Post Graduate College, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Peculiar Lucknawi tehzib and culture nurtured the born talent and shaped the creativity. But above all, it was his own instinctive urge for learning and literature that made him an accomplished poet, proficient in Urdu, Hindi, English, Arabic, Persian and Islamic scriptures, and well-versed in logic, literature and philosophy. It seems there is obivious, intentional and deliberate use of exaggeration as a rhetorical device. It is used here to evoke strong feelings or evoke strong impression.
Kazim Jarwali started writing poetry quite early in his life, and gradually perfected his art. In keeping with the popular trend, he tried his hand at the Ghazal, Salams, Marsiye, Musaddas, Nauhey, Qata, Nazm. However, he is well known for his Salams in which domain he soon established a high reputation. Kazim Jarwali broadened the scope of this genre by including in its body, in addition to the customary lamentation and mourning, deep thought, artistic imagination, It seems there is obivious, intentional and deliberate use of exaggeration as a rhetorical device. It is used here to evoke strong feelings or evoke strong impression. lively portrayals of the emotional states of the combatants, accurate descriptions of the landscape, and occasional interludes of moral edification. He loves nature and it can easily be portrayed from his poetry. Kazim Jarwali is master of simple, natural utterance, with a superb command on the language, which was always adequate to express a large variety of moods, scenes, characters and situations. He is specially notable for presenting the same scene or situation, over and over again, in different words or phrases, without letting it appear monotonous. Example:
J"ab hawao mai nami mehsus ki Abbas ne,
Ehtiyatan saans apni rok li Abbas ne."
Another, in reply to criticism of aforesaid shair:
"Kitna be aab lahu tha ke tere maathe per,
Maut ke waqt bhee aaya na paseena Abbas."
Brilliant use of obvious exaggeration as a rhetorical device to evoke strong feeling and impression can be witnessed in his poetry. Example:
"Karbala ke baad bhi tum sayyad-e-sajjad ho,
Doosra hota to keh deta khuda koyee nahi."
The Salams, strictly speaking, is an elegiac poem written to commemorate the martyrdom and valour of Hazrat Imam Hussain and his comrades of the Battle of Karbala. In its form the Salam generally consists of several couplets, and normally first part consist couplets for praise and last few couplets contains mourning on the martyrs of battle of Karbala. This form found a specially congenial soil in Lucknow (a city in northern India), chiefly because it was the centre of Shia Muslim community in India, which regarded it an act of piety and religious duty to eulogies and bemoan the martyrs of the battle of Karbala. Kazim Jarwali provided new heights to this form of poetry.
The mention of Mir Anis may surprise all. To be clear, it is not comparison at all. Without mentioning Marsiyas of Mir Anis which is not a topic here; as not being comparable at all, Mir Anis also wrote Salams. Kazim Jarwali's poetry extends and exploits the possibilities created by Anis in Salams.
Besides being a master of the Salams (special form of poetry), his Ghazals also gets wide praise.
Fazaye shehar ki nabze khiraam baith gayee,
Faseele shab pa diya le ke shaam baith gayee.
Wo dhool jis ko hataya tha apne chehre se,
Wo aayino pa paye inteqam baith gayee.
Guzarne wala hai kiya roshni ka shehzada,
Jo baal khol ke raste mai shaam baith gayee.
Kazim Jarwali is great poet and inspiration for generations. Undoubtedly, in recent times he is providing much strength to Urdu. Kazim Jarwali has drawn upon the vocabulary of Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Hindi, Persian and Arabic in such a good measure that he symbolizes the full spectrum of the cultural mosaic that Urdu has come to be. Kazim Jarwali is aware of his contribution as he writes:
Mere khayal se roshan hai kohe tore adab,
Udey na hosh to dekho wo roshni hun mai !!!
Kazim Jarwali is renowned urdu poet. His ghazals and other poetry have deep sense of thought and he is known as “Shair-e-Fikr” among fans and contemporary poets. He has brought out several collections of Urdu poetry and participated in several mushaira and mehfils and widely praised for his poetry. His presence on website / social networking sites like facebook, orkut, twitter and videos on YouTube is getting lots of applaud from fans. He recited salam on doordarshan moharram telecast "Majlis-e-Shaam-e-Ghariban" for ten years since its first telecast back in 1981. Besides performing in India, wide fans of his work have got him travelling to Hongkong, Pakistan, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait and United Arab Emirates.
Contribution to The Urdu Literature
His deep sense of thoughts in highly contemporary Urdu are easily understood and appreciated by a vast majority of people, without some extra effort. The eternal realist primarily expresses the mysteries of life in Ghazals. This, together with his many masterpieces, will forever remain as, his paramount contribution to the Urdu poetry and literature.
Despite lots of admiration and fame Kazim Jarwali is down to earth, humble, polite and approachable. He never allowed praise to go over his head. Sometime it is reflected in his shairs as:
Urooj-e-aadmiyat hai mizaje khaaksari mai,
Kabhi mitti ka daaman dhool se maila nahi hota.
He has been awarded by urdu academy (Government of Uttar Pradesh - India) in 1994 by then chief minister Mulayam Singh Yadav for his collection of ghazal book "Kitab-e-Sang" in urdu language. He has been awarded by Yuva Rachnakar Manch for his contribution to hindi literature. He has been awarded by Tehran radio Iran for his achievement in urdu poetry.
Some of his Books are as under
* Hussainistan in (Urdu salam)
* Kitab-e-Sang (Urdu Ghazals)
* Kooche aur Qandeelein (Poetic form of Nahj al-Balagha)
* Karwaan-e-Gham (Urdu Nauhe)
* Shaheed-e-Salis ka sanchipt jivan parichay (Hindi Translation of Tazkira-e-Majeed by Allama Sibtul Hassan Hansvi)
* Ali a.s. (Hindi) short history & aqwaal of Hazrat Imam Ali(a.s)
There are several other books published and his latest creation Iram Zer-e-Qalam is under publication which consist of Qasida and Manqabat in praise of Ahl al-bayt. He writes nauha and salams to various matami anjumans of India including old anjuman nayyar-ul-islam of Lucknow.He has been awarded by cultural & religious organisations for his service in praise of Ahl al-bayt.
He has been bestowed with the “Shair-e-Fikr” award by International Peace Foundation, Delhi, “Farogh-e-Aza Wa Wila” award by Idara Mohsine Islam, Mumbai etc.
Kazim Jarwali's Works:
Kitab-e-Sang - Collection of Ghazals
Husainistaan - Collection of Salams
Karwaane Ghum - Nauhey
Kuchey Aur Qandeele - Poetic form of Nehjul Balagah
Iram Zer-e-Qalam - Under Publication
Ali (a.s) - Short story and Saying of Hazrat Ali (a.s.)
14 Anmol Moti - 14 Masumeen Ki Sawan-e-umri
Shaheed-e-Salis - Sanshipt Jeevan Parichay