Lucretius (99 BC - 55 BC)
Biography of Lucretius
Lucretius lived from 99-55 BC. His birth date is not certain, and little is known of his parentage or birthplace. Though often referred to as Lucretius, his official name is Titus Lucretius Carus. Highly educated, he belonged to the aristocratic sector of the Tricipitini, which often emerged in positions of official status.
He craved to free humanity from its unhappiness, which mainly resulted from fear of the afterlife and the gods. He was a moralist and a reformer as well as a scientist, and yet always a poet. His major work, 'De Rerum Natura', sought to do this, borrowing from the work of Democritus, who discovered primitive atomic theories, and Epicurus, who believed that pleasure was the main goal of life. The philosophy of Epicureanism sprung from his beliefs.
In order to achieve this goal of ultimate happiness, the gnawing fears of humanity had to be erased. Lucretius denounced religion as the greatest source of human corruption and anguish. The gods, rather than being a driving force in everyday life, were a model to strive towards. It is rumored that he died from ingesting a love potion, given to him by his wife.
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- Book I - Part 01 - Proem
- Book I - Part 03 - The Void
- Book I - Part 04 - Nothing Exists Per Se...
- Book I - Part 05 - Character Of The Atom...
- Book I - Part 06 - Confutation Of Other ...
- Book I - Part 07 - The Infinity Of The U...
- Book II - Part 01 - Proem
- Book II - Part 02 - Atomic Motions
- Book II - Part 04 - Absence Of Secondary...
- Book III - Part 01 - Proem
- Book III - Part 02 - Nature And Composit...
- Book III - Part 03 - The Soul is Mortal
- Book III - Part 04 - Folly Of The Fear O...
- Book III - Part 05 - Cerberus And Furies...
Book V - Part 01 - Proem
O who can build with puissant breast a song
Worthy the majesty of these great finds?
Or who in words so strong that he can frame
The fit laudations for deserts of him
Who left us heritors of such vast prizes,
By his own breast discovered and sought out?-
There shall be none, methinks, of mortal stock.
For if must needs be named for him the name
Demanded by the now known majesty