Marcus Annaeus Lucanus
Biography of Marcus Annaeus Lucanus
In the year of 39 A.D. Marcus Annaeus Lucanus was born into a wealthy family. They lived in Roman Spain, but before Lucan's first birthday, his parents decided to move to the Capital. Whilst, in Rome, Lucan's parents were able to afford a good education for their son.
Later, he moved to Athens to complete his education. He was called back to his home land by Nero, the young Emperor. The terms of their relationship is unknown. It is possible that they both had common interests, and because of these interests, they gained trust and respect for each other.
During this time, he wrote some fascinating works such as A Tale of Troy, Medea, Journey to the Underworld . In the year before his death (64 A.D.), his loyalty no-longer favoured the Emperor. The reason remains unknown. Joining in a conspiracy to overthrow the young Emperor, Lucan became a member of the Calpurnius Piso. The plot failed, and Lucan was forced to commit suicide. In April 65 A.D., he was 26 years old
Most believe Lucan was writing Pharsalia aka The Civil War around the time of his death. Thus the poem was never finished. It is also thought that the title was not of Lucan's own choosing.
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Marcus Annaeus Lucanus Poems
Pharsalia - Book Iii: Massilia
With canvas yielding to the western wind The navy sailed the deep, and every eye Gazed on Ionian billows. But the chief
Pharsalia - Book 1
The Crossing of the Rubicon Wars worse than civil on Emathian plains, And crime let loose we sing; how Rome's high race
Pharsalia - Book Vi: The Fight Near Dyrh...
Now that the chiefs with minds intent on fight Had drawn their armies near upon the hills And all the gods beheld their chosen pair,
Pharsalia - Book X: Caesar In Egypt
When Caesar, following those who bore the head, First trod the shore accursed, with Egypt's fates His fortunes battled, whether Rome should pass
Pharsalia - Book V: The Oracle. The Mut...
Thus had the smiles of Fortune and her frowns Brought either chief to Macedonian shores Still equal to his foe. From cooler skies
Pharsalia - Book Vii: The Battle
Ne'er to the summons of the Eternal laws More slowly Titan rose, nor drave his steeds, Forced by the sky revolving, up the heaven,
Pharsalia - Book Ix: Cato
Yet in those ashes on the Pharian shore, In that small heap of dust, was not confined So great a shade; but from the limbs half burnt
Pharsalia - Book Iv: Caesar In Spain. W...
But in the distant regions of the earth Fierce Caesar warring, though in fight he dealt No baneful slaughter, hastened on the doom
Pharsalia - Book Viii: Death Of Pompeius
Now through Alcides' pass and Tempe's groves Pompeius, aiming for Haemonian glens And forests lone, urged on his wearied steed
Pharsalia - Book Ii: The Flight Of Pompe...
This was made plain the anger of the gods; The universe gave signs Nature reversed In monstrous tumult fraught with prodigies
Pharsalia - Book 1
The Crossing of the Rubicon
Wars worse than civil on Emathian plains,
And crime let loose we sing; how Rome's high race
Plunged in her vitals her victorious sword;
Armies akin embattled, with the force
Of all the shaken earth bent on the fray;
And burst asunder, to the common guilt,
A kingdom's compact; eagle with eagle met,