Omar Khayyám (1048 – 1131) was a Persian polymath: philosopher, mathematician, astronomer and poet. He also wrote treatises on mechanics, geography, mineralogy, music, climatology and Islamic theology.
Born in Nishapur, at a young age he moved to Samarkand and obtained his education there, afterwards he moved to Bukhara and became established as one of the major mathematicians and astronomers of the medieval period. He is the author of one of the most important treatises on algebra written before modern times, the Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra, which includes a geometric method for solving cubic equations by intersecting a hyperbola with a circle. He ... more »
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''The Grape that can with Logic absolute The Two-and-Seventy jarring Sects confute.''Omar Khayyám (11-12th century), Persian astronomer, poet. The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám, st. 43, trans. by Edward FitzGerald, first edition (1859).
The Rubaiyat Of Omar Khayyam
<i>Translated into English in 1859 by Edward FitzGerald</i>
Awake! for Morning in the Bowl of Night
Has flung the Stone that puts the Stars to Flight:
And Lo! the Hunter of the East has caught
The Sultan's Turret in a Noose of Light.
Dreaming when Dawn's Left Hand was in the Sky
I heard a voice within the Tavern cry,
'Awake, my Little ones, and fill the Cup
Before Life's Liquor in its Cup be dry.'
And, as the Cock crew, those who stood before
The Tavern shouted - 'Open then the Door!
You know how little while we ...