If we became students of Malcolm X, we would not have young black men out there killing each other like they're killing each other now. Young black men would not be impregnating young black women at the rate going on now. We'd not have the drugs we have now, or the alcoholism.
(Spike Lee (b. 1956), U.S. film director. interview in i-D (London, Jan. 1993).)
A black boxer's career is the perfect metaphor for the career of a black male. Every day is like being in the gym, sparring with impersonal opponents as one faces the rudeness and hostility that a black male must confront in the United States, where he is the object of both fear and fascination.
(Ishmael Reed (b. 1938), U.S. novelist, poet, essayist. Writin' Is Fightin', "Boxing on Paper: Thirty-Seven Years Later," Atheneum (1988).)