(Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900), German philosopher, classical scholar, critic of culture. Friedrich Nietzsche, Sämtliche Werke: Kritische Studienausgabe, vol. 6, p. 226, eds. Giorgio Colli and Mazzino Montinari, Berlin, de Gruyter (1980). The Antichrist, section 48 (prepared for publication 1888, published 1895).
An allusion to a line in Schiller's Maid of Orleans (act 3, scene 6): "Against stupidity even the gods struggle in vain.")
Every people have gods to suit their circumstances.
(Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862), U.S. philosopher, author, naturalist. A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers (1849), in The Writings of Henry David Thoreau, vol. 1, p. 66, Houghton Mifflin (1906).)
The state of monarchy is the supremest thing upon earth: for kings are not only God's Lieutenants upon earth, and sit upon God's throne, but even by God himself they are called gods.
(James I of England, James VI of Scotland (1566-1625), British King of England and Scotland. Address, March 21, 1609, to Parliament, London. Quoted in England Under the Stuarts, ch. 4, G.M. Trevelyan (1904, rev. 1925).)