Negro history must be studied, not only because it is the history of over 19 millions, but American life as a whole cannot be understood without knowing it.
(Dorothy Allen Conley (b. 1904), African American teacher and advocate of African American studies. As quoted in Past and Promise, part 4, by Rebecca Batts Butler.
From a speech to the Gloucester County (New Jersey) Human Relations Council on October 25, 1966.)
'[The] simple answer to that is that we are part of history. But the complex response is that history is largely invented. And the history that exists now is an accumulation of objects from previous ages.'
History does nothing; it does not possess immense riches, it does not fight battles. It is men, real, living, who do all this.... It is not "history" which uses men as a means of achievingas if it were an individual personits own ends. History is nothing but the activity of men in pursuit of their ends.
(Karl Marx (1818-1883), German social philosopher, revolutionary, and Friedrich Engels (1820-1895), German philosopher. The Holy Family (1844-1845).)
The history is always the same the product is always different and the history interests more than the product. More, that is, more. Yes. But if the product was not different the history which is the same would not be more interesting.
(Gertrude Stein (1874-1946), U.S. author. "Sentences," How To Write, Plain Edition (1931).)
(Cesare Beccaria (1735-1794), Italian jurist, philosopher. On Crimes and Punishments, Introduction (1764).
Thomas Carlyle attributes a similar utterance to Charles de Montesquieu, in History of Frederick the Great (1858-1865) bk. 16, ch. 1: "Happy the people whose annals are blank in history-books!")