Rosanna Eleanor Leprohon
Biography of Rosanna Eleanor Leprohon
Rosanna Eleanor Leprohon (January 12, 1829 – September 20, 1879), born Rosanna Eleanor Mullins, was a Canadian writer and poet. She was "one of the first English-Canadian writers to depict French Canada in a way that earned the praise of, and resulted in her novels being read by, both anglophone and francophone Canadians."
Leprohon was born on January 12, 1829, in Montreal to Francis and Rosanna Mullins. The second daughter of a wealthy merchant, she was educated at the Convent of the Congregation of Notre Dame. She later wrote the poems "A Touching Ceremony" and "On the Death of the Same Reverend Nun" to honor the nuns and convent.
She "published her first poetry, at age 17, in the Literary Garland, followed by serialized novels of manners set in England, published annually from 1848 to 1851." Ida Beresford, her first novel, first ran in the Garland in nine instalments in 1848. The novel was praised by Susanna Moodie, who called it "a story written with great power and vigor" that promised its author "a bright wreath of fame."
On June 17, 1851 Rosanna married Dr. Jean-Lucien Leprohon, and went to live with him in Saint-Charles-sur-Richelieu. Within a year she was pregnant; she would go on to have 13 children (of whom eight survived). Her literary output suffered. By 1859, though she was back in Montreal and had resumed writing, with a new novel, Eveleen O'Donnell, serialized in Boston magazine The Pilot.
The experience of being married to a French-Canadian, and living in the heart of French Canada, gave her a perspective denied to most English Canadian novelists—one she put to use in her next novel, The Manor House of De Villerai: A Tale of Canada Under the French Dominion, which was published in installments by the Montreal Family Herald in 1859-1860. In this novel, "Leprohon used a Canadian setting and depicted events of crucial importance in Canadian history. She depicted these events, furthermore, from the point of view of French Canadians," something new in English-Canadian literature.
Leprohon continued to write of French Canada in her next two novels, Antoinette de Mirecourt or, Secret Marrying and Secret Sorrowing, and Armand Durand or, A Promise Fulfilled, which were published by Lovell in 1864 and 1868. "While Leprohon's earlier works have non-Canadian settings, these [three] novels are set in Quebec and effectively depict Québécois history and culture."
All three of these 'Canadian' novels "were well reviewed at the time of their first publication in both the English- and French-Canadian press."
A French translation of each was quickly published, and all three "became part of both Canadian literatures." "Le manoir de Villerai (Montréal, 1884) and the French translation of Armand Durand were still being published in the mid-1920s." Interestingly, "Le Manoir de Villerai (installments 1851, book form 1861), frequently reprinted in French, has yet to appear in book form in the original English."
Five of Leprohon's poems were included in Edward Hartley's 1864 anthology, Selections from Canadian Poets. In 1867, the biographical dictionary Bibliotheca Canadensis said she had done "more almost than any other Canadian writer to foster and promote the growth of a national Literature."
Another novel, Ada Dunmore, was published in the Canadian Illustrated News in installments in 1869-70. "‘Clive Weston's wedding anniversary' appeared in The Canadian Monthly and National Review in 1872. Leprohon's last published work, ‘A school-girl friendship’ (1877), was published in the Canadian Illustrated News in 1877."
In 1881, Montreal Gazette editor John Reade edited a posthumous collected poems, The Poetical Works of Mrs. Leprohon, also published by Lovell. A poem from the volume, "A Canadian Summer Evening," was included in W.D. Lighthall's 1889 anthology, Songs of the Great Dominion
Leprohon's novels were popular in both English and French Canada in the late 19th-century, and were still being reprinted in French in the mid-1920s. They gradually went out of fashion in the early 20th-century, as literary styles changed.
"Since 1970, however,"says the Dictionary of Literary Biography, "the life and works of Rosanna Eleanor Mullins Leprohon have been frequently noted and increasingly praised by critics and scholars of both English-and French-Canadian literature, and new editions of her works have been published."
Rosanna Eleanor Leprohon's Works:
Antoinette de Mirecourt: Or, Secret Marrying and Secret Sorrowing: Ottawa: Carleton UP, 1989.
Antoinette de Mirecourt: Or Secret Marrying and Secret Sorrowing. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart New Canadian Library, 2000.
Armand Durand: or A Promise Fulfilled Hardcover, Ottawa: Tecumseh Press, 1994.
Armand Durand: or A Promise Fulfilled Softcover, Ottawa: Tecumseh Press, 1994.
Poetical Works of Mrs. Leprohon. 1881.
Le manoir de Villerai. Montreal: Beauchemin, 1925
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Rosanna Eleanor Leprohon Poems
The Garden Of Gethsemane
The place is fair and tranquil, Judaea’s cloudless sky Smiles down on distant mountain, on glade and valley nigh,
Our Saviour And The Samaritan Woman At T...
Close beside the crystal waters of Jacob’s far-famed well, Whose dewy coolness gratefully upon the parched air fell,
To My Husband On Our Wedding-Day
I leave for thee, beloved one, The home and friends of youth, Trusting my hopes, my happiness, Unto thy love and truth;
Charles Vii And Joan Of Arc At Rheims
A glorious pageant filled the church of the proud old city of Rheims, One such as poet artists choose to form their loftiest themes:
Jacques Cartier’s First Visit To Mount R...
He stood on the wood-crowned summit Of our mountain’s regal height, And gazed on the scene before him,
A Modern Courtship
Why turn from me thus with such petulant pride, When I ask thee, sweet Edith, to be my bride; When I offer the gift of heart fond and true,
The Ten Lepers
’Neath the olives of Samaria, in far-famed Galilee, Where dark green vines are mirrored in a placid silver sea,
To A Young Mother On The Birth Of Her Fi...
Young mother! proudly throbs thine heart, and well may it rejoice, Well may’st thou raise to Heaven above in grateful prayer thy voice:
A Boy’s Hopes
Dear mother, dry those flowing tears, They grieve me much to see; And calm, oh! calm thine anxious fears— What dost thou dread for me?
A Canadian Summer Evening
The rose-tints have faded from out of the West, From the Mountain’s high peak, from the river’s broad breast.
An Autumn Evening At Murray Bay
Darkly falls the autumn twilight, rustles by the crisp leaf sere, Sadly wail the lonely night-winds, sweeping sea-ward, chill and drear,
“Oh! Autumn winds, what means this plaintive wailing Around the quiet homestead where we dwell? Whence come ye, say, and what the story mournful
Around the castle turrets fiercely moaned the autumn blast, And within the old lords daughter seemed dying, dying fast ...
St. Francis Of Borgia By The Coffin Of Q...
“Open the coffin and shroud until I look on the dead again Ere we place her in Grenada’s vaults,
A Boy’s Hopes
Dear mother, dry those flowing tears,
They grieve me much to see;
And calm, oh! calm thine anxious fears—
What dost thou dread for me?
’Tis true that tempests wild oft ride
Above the stormy main,
But, then, in Him I will confide
Who doth their bounds ordain.