A. R. Raja Raja Varma

[Kerala Panini] (1863 – 1918 / Kerala / India)

Biography of A. R. Raja Raja Varma

A. R. Raja Raja Varma poet

A. R. Raja Raja Varma or A R. Rajaraja Varma was an Indian poet, grammatician and Professor of Oriental Languages at Maharaja's College (present University College), Trivandrum. He wrote widely in Sanskrit and Malayalam. He is known as Kerala Panini for his contributions to Malayalam Literature. A mixed effect of the influence of the study of British Romantic poets of the 19th century and a renewed interest in the real classics of Sanskrit literature can be seen in his poems. His essays are fine examples of excellent prose. His important works are Kerala Panineeyam, Bhashabhooshanam, and Vritha Manjari. Bhangavilaapam and Malayavilasam are his poems. Bhasha Megha Dootu, Bhasha Kumara Sambhavam, Malayala Sakuntalam, Malavikagnimitram, and Charudattam are among his translations. Broadly speaking the Golden period of Malayalam Literature was the hundred years from 1850 for it was during this period that stalwarts like Kerala Varma, A.R. Rajaraja Varma, Chandu Menon, C.V. Raman Pillai and the Kavitrayam Asan, Ulloor and Vallathol lived and produced literature that was great by all standards. Kerala Varma and Rajaraja Varma were indeed the towering figures, and they hold a unique position. Rajaraja Varma in whom we see a rare blend of scholarship and creative talent, was the moving spirit behind the great literary renaissance in Kerala. Says Ulloor of A.R. Rajaraja Varma, “While others embellished the walls of the mansion of Malayalam literature with their paintings and drawings, A.R. worked both on its foundation and dome and made it a long enduring and imposing structure for the benefit of the people of Kerala. His fame rests on this architectural accomplishment and is bound to last for ever”.

A. R. Raja Raja Varma's Works:

On Grammar and Rhetoric
His important works are Kerala Panineeyam, Bhashabhooshanam, Vritha Manjari and Sahitya Sahyam, the last of which introduced English-style punctuation to Malayalam.

Poems
Bhangavilaapam
Malayavilasam

Translations
Bhasha Megha Dootu
Bhasha Kumara Sambhavam
Malayala Sakuntalam
Malavikagnimitram
Charudattam

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