Dharamvir Bharati

(25 December 1926 - 4 September 1997 / Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh / British India)

Biography of Dharamvir Bharati

Dharamvir Bharati poet

Dr. Dharamvir Bharati (Hindi: धर्मवीर भारती) was a renowned Hindi poet, author, playwright and a social thinker of India. He was the Chief-Editor of the popular Hindi weekly magazine Dharmayug.
Dr. Bharati was awarded Padma Shree for literature in 1972 by the Government of India. His novel Gunaho Ka Devta became an evergreen classic. Dr. Bharati’s Suraj ka Satwan Ghoda is considered a unique experiment in story-telling and was made into a National Film Award- winning movie by the same name in 1992 by Shyam Benegal. Andha Yug, a play set in the time immediately after the Mahabharata war, is another classic that is enacted very often in public by various drama groups.

He was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in Playwriting (Hindi) in 1988, given by Sangeet Natak Akademi, India's National Acdemy of Music, Dance and Drama.

Early Life

Dharamvir Bharati was born in Allahabad to Chiranji Lal and Chanda devi. The family underwent considerable financial hardships after his father died early. He had a sister, Dr. Veerbala.

He did his MA in Hindi from Allahabad University in 1946 and won the “Chintamani Ghosh Award” for securing highest marks in Hindi.

Career

Dharamvir Bharati was the sub-editor for magazines “Abhyudaya” and Sangam” during this period. Later he completed his Ph.D. in 1954 under Dr. Dhirendra Verma on the topic of “Siddha Sahitya”, and was appointed lecturer in Hindi at the Allahabad University. The 1950s were the most creative period in the life of Dr. Bharati and he wrote many novels, dramas, poems, essays, and criticism-works during this phase.

Journalism (Mumbai)

In 1960 he was appointed as chief-editor of the popular Hindi weekly magazine Dharma Yug brought out by the Times Group, and moved to Bombay. He remained the editor of Dharmayug till 1987. During this long phase the magazine became the most popular Hindi weekly of the country and reached new heights in Hindi journalism. As a field reporter, Dr. Bharati personally covered the Indo-Pak war that resulted in the liberation of Bangladesh.

Personal Life

Dr Bharati married in 1954 and later divorced Mrs. Kanta Bharati with whom he had a daughter Parmita. A Few years later he remarried and had a son Kinshuk Bharati and a daughter Pragya Bharati with Mrs. Pushpa Bharati. Dr. Bharati developed heart ailments and died after a brief illness in 1997.

Prominent Works

Suraj Ka Satvan Ghoda (सूरज का सातवां घोड़ा )- (The Seventh Steed of the Sun), A short novel published in 1952, that may also be viewed as a set of connected mini-narratives, can be called one of the foremost instances of metafiction in twentieth century Hindi literature. The protagonist is a young man named Manik Mulla who recounts these tales to his friends. The name of the work is an allusion to Hindu mythology according to which the chariot of the Sun-God Surya is said to be drawn by seven horses. (viz. seven days in a week) This novella has been translated into Bengali by poet Malay Roy Choudhury of Hungry generation fame, for which he was bestowed with the Sahitya Academy Award. Shyam Benegal's film by the same name (1992), based on the novel won the National Film Award for Best Actor.

Awards


Padma Shri by the Government of India, 1972
Rajendra Prasad Shikhar Samman
Bharat Bharati Samman
Maharashtra Gaurav, 1994
Kaudiya Nyas
Vyasa Samman
1984, Valley turmeric best journalism awards
1988, best playwright Maharana Mewar Foundation Award
1989,the Sangeet Natak Akademi, Delhi.

Dharamvir Bharati's Works:

Novels

Suraj Ka Satvan Ghoda (सूरज का सातवां घोड़ा )- (The Seventh Steed of the Sun), A short novel published in 1952
Gunaho Ka Devta (गुनाहों का देवता) (1949)
Giyara sapno ka desh (ग्यारह सपनों का देश)
Prarambh va Samapan (प्रारंभ व समापन)

Poetry

Kanupriya,Thanda Loha, Saat Geet Varsh and Sapana Abhi Bhi are amongst his most popular works of poetry.

Play in Poetry

Andha Yug (The Age of Blindness):Poetic play, Structured on events in the Mahabharata, Andha Yug focuses on the last day of the Mahabharata war.

Story Collection

र्दों का गाव),Swarg aur Prathvhi( स्वर्ग और पृथ्वी),Chand aur Tuthe hue Log चाद और टूटे हुए लोग,Band gali Ka Aakhkri Makhaan (बंद गली का आखिरी मकान),Saas ki Kalam se (सास की कलम से), Samast Kahaniya ek Saath (समस्त कहानियाँ एक).

Essay

Thele par Himalayas( ठेले पर हिमालय),Apshynty stories:Unkahi(पश्यंती कहानियाँ :अनकही), The river was thirsty(नदी प्यासी थी), Neil Lake(नील झील), Human values and literature(मानव मूल्य और साहित्य), Cold iron(ठण्डा लोहा)

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