Helene Deutsch


Biography of Helene Deutsch

Helene Deutsch (née Rosenbach) (October 9, 1884 – March 29, 1982) was an Austrian-American psychoanalyst and colleague of Sigmund Freud. She was the first psychoanalyst to specialize in women.

She was born in Przemyśl, then Austrian Galicia. Her father had been educated in German, but Helene (Rosenbach) was sent to private Polish-language schools. Her love of Polish literature continued throughout her life, and she identified intensely with Poland and insisted on her Polish national identity.

Deutsch studied medicine and psychiatry in Vienna and Munich, before she became a pupil of Freud. As his assistant she was the first woman to concern herself with the psychology of women. Following a youthful affair with the socialist leader Herman Lieberman, she married Dr Felix Deutsch in 1912, and after a number of miscarriages they eventually conceived a son, Martin. In 1935 she fled Germany, immigrating to Cambridge, Massachusetts, in the United States. Her husband and son joined her a year later, and she worked there as a well-regarded psychoanalyst up until her death in Cambridge in 1982.

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