when it is said that Izumi Shikibu was one of the 36 'Poetry Immortals', it doesn't refer to The Thirty-Six Immortals of Poetry (????? Sanjurokkasen) - a group of Japanese poets of the Nara, Asuka and Heian periods selected by Fujiwara no Kinto as exemplars of Japanese poetic ability - , but to a second list of ''36'' ''Nyobo Sanjurokkasen'' (???????) , composed later, in the Kamakura period:
- The Thirty-Six Female Immortals of Poetry:
''Nyobo Sanjurokkasen'' (???????) , composed in the Kamakura period, refers to thirty-six female immortals of poetry:
Ono no Komachi
Fujiwara no Michitsuna no Haha
Uma no Naishi
Kodai no Kimi
Koshikibu no Naishi
Ise no Taifu
Daini no Sanmi
Takashina no Kishi
Yushi Naishinno-ke no Kii
Suo no Naishi
Fujiwara no Toshinari no Musume
Taikenmon'in no Horikawa
Gishumon'in no Tango
Kayomon'in no Echizen
Nijo In no Sanuki
Go-Toba-in no Shimotsuke
Ben no Naiji
Go-Fukakusa In no Shoshonaishi
Inpumon'in no Tayu
Tsuchimikado In no Kosaisho
Fujiwara no Chikako
Shikikenmon'in no Mikushige
Sohekimon'in no Shosho
her diary, Izumi Shikibu Nikki, is one of the principal Heian court works and her poetic memoirs, Izumi Shikibu Shu, which exist in various forms, ranging from 647 to 902 poems, remains the most outstanding work by a single poet from the period.
Her attitude to life and passion earned her the moniker of '' The Floating Lady ''.
Shikibu’s passion comes across in her poetry of the time.
The Diary of Izumi Shikibu covered a period of five years when she was having her affair with Prince Atsumichi and combined romanticism and eroticism with Buddhist philosophy.
At the Imperial Court she had a rivalry with her sister who was also a poet and was praised for her short verses and their emotional power.
This was the time when she wrote her most influential works that were published in later Imperial collections.
Her poetry is characterized by great passion and the desire to choose her own romantic fate.
Izumi Shikibu (?? ??) (976? – 1033?)
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