Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis

Biography of Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis

Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒoaˈkĩ maˈɾiɐ maˈʃadu dʒi aˈsis]), often known as Machado de Assis, Machado, or Bruxo do Cosme Velho (June 21, 1839, Rio de Janeiro—September 29, 1908, Rio de Janeiro), was a Brazilian novelist, poet, playwright, short story writer and liberal monarchist. He is widely regarded as the greatest writer of Brazilian literature. However, he did not gain widespread popularity outside Brazil in his own lifetime.

Machado's works had a great influence on Brazilian literary schools of the late 19th century and 20th century. José Saramago, Carlos Fuentes, Susan Sontag and Harold Bloom are among his admirers and Bloom calls him "the supreme black literary artist to date.

Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis's Works:

* 1864 - Crisálidas (Chrysalids; poetry)
* 1870 - Falenas (Phalaenae; poetry)
* 1870 - Contos Fluminenses (Tales from Rio)
* 1872 - Ressurreição (Resurrection)
* 1873 - Histórias da Meia Noite (Stories of Midnight)
* 1874 - A Mão e a Luva (The Hand and the Glove)
* 1875 - Americanas (poetry)
* 1876 - Helena
* 1878 - Iaiá Garcia (Mistress Garcia)
* 1881 - Memórias Póstumas de Brás Cubas (The Posthumous Memoirs of Bras Cubas, also known in English as Epitaph for a Small Winner)
* 1882 - Papéis Avulsos (Single Papers)
* 1882 - O alienista (also known in English as The alienist or The psychiatrist)
* 1884 - Histórias sem data (Undated Stories)
* 1891 - Quincas Borba (also known in English as Philosopher or Dog?)
* 1896 - Várias histórias (Several Stories)
* 1899 - Páginas recolhidas (Retained Pages) Collection of short stories including The Case of the Stick
* 1899 - Dom Casmurro (Sir Dour)
* 1901 - Poesias completas (Complete poetry)
* 1904 - Esaú e Jacó (Esau and Jacob)
* 1906 - Relíquias da Casa Velha (Relics of the Old House)
* 1908 - Memorial de Aires (Counselor Aires's Memoirs)

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