Maqbool Shah Kralawari

(1820 – 1876 / Kashmir / India)

Biography of Maqbool Shah Kralawari

Maqbool Shah Kralawari (Kashmiri: मक़बूल शाह क्रालवारी (Devanagari), مقبول شاہ کرالواری (Nastaleeq)) was educated in Persian literature and is considered as the finest lyricist of the 19th century Kashmir. In his Malanama, he lacerated the 'mullahs' for being hand in glove with the ruthless landlords but masquerading as the defenders of virtue and the redeemers of the poor. On the other hand in his Grisynama he exposed the foibles and frivolities of the landless peasantry reduced to sub-human condition.. However, his creative genius reached its apogee in Gulrez (Scattered Flowers). It is one of the best mathnavis (descriptive poem) of the 19th century.

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