(Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882), U.S. essayist, poet, philosopher. "Address Delivered in Concord on the Anniversary of the Emancipation of the Negroes in the British West Indies, August 1, 1844," Miscellanies (1883, repr. 1903).
Edward Emerson notes that "Boston Hymn" sings a similar sentiment. Emerson is not commenting on the nature of African civilization, but noting the barbarity of the slave trade on its shores.)
(Pliny The Elder (23-79), Roman scholar. Natural History, bk. 8, sct. 17.
Greek proverb quoted by Pliny; Out of Africa was the English title for Isak Dineson's 1937 account of her years in Kenya, filmed in 1985.)