Ram Ganesh Gadkari

[Govindaagraj] (24 May 1885 - 23 January 1919 / Ganadevi, Navsari, Gujarat / India)

Biography of Ram Ganesh Gadkari

Ram Ganesh Gadkari poet

Ram Ganesh Gadkari (Marathi: राम गणेश गडकरी) was a Marathi poet, playwright, and humorist from Maharashtra, India.

Ram Ganesh Gadkari was one of the writers in new age transformation in Marathi Literature. He wrote poetry under the pen name Govindaagraj (गोविंदाग्रज) and humorous articles under the pen name Balakram (बाळकराम). He wrote plays under his legal name.

Early Life

Gadkari was born on May 24, 1885 in the town of Ganadevi in Navsari district of Gujarat. He died at Savner near Nagpur on January 23, 1919.

His father died early, and poverty hindered his timely formal education. He finished his high school education at age 19 and enrolled in Pune's Fergusson College. However, flunking in the mathematics examination, he abandoned his formal education at the end of the first year in college, and took up teaching to support himself while pursuing his keen literary interests.

Till 19 years of his age, he was unable to speak Marathi. Afterwards, he read and studied Marathi, Sanskrit, and English literature extensively. He critically studied particularly the works of Sanskrit playwrights Kalidas and Bhavabhuti; modern Marathi poets of his era Keshavasuta and Shripad Krushna Kolhatkar; Marathi poets of earlier times like Dnyaneshwar and Moropant; and English writers like Shakespeare, Percy Shelley, and Mark Twain.


Gadkari was married twice.His first wife Sitabai had left him though according to some contemporaries it was he who had abandoned her. His second wife Rama was younger by some 17 years than him but this too proved to be not a very happy marriage. Gadkari was bitterly disappointed when he realized that marital bliss that he was seeking was not going to come his way.

Literary Work

Within his short life span of 35 years, Gadkari produced four complete plays, three unfinished plays, 150 poems, and some humorous articles. (On the day of his death, he had finished writing just a few hours earlier his play Bhava Bandhan (भावबंधन).) Literary critics have judged all of his works to be of very high caliber.

Completed Plays

Ekach Pyala (ek प्याला)
Prema Sanyas (प्रेमसंन्यास)
Punyaprabhav (पुण्यप्रभाव)
Bhava Bandhan (भावबंधन)

Celebrated playwright, Vijay Tendulkar considers Gadkari the greatest poet-dramatist in any Indian language after Kalidas. He feels that no other than Gadkari had the genius to describe Sambhaji's extraordinary sacrifice in his struggle against the monsterous emperor Aurangzeb.Similarly another prominent Marathi literary figure Acharya Atre considered Gadkari's contribution to Marathi literature and in particular Marathi drama as one of highest order.He was associated with Kirloskar natak company.His drama Ekach pyala was performed by 'Balgandharva' as Sindhu after his death iin 1919,which was the story of a poor,devoted wife Sindhu and her alcoholic husband Sudhakar.

There was some speculation that his play "Ekach Pyala" was based upon his personal and real experience with hard drinking but Acharya Atre has convincingly demolished this speculation in his own autobiographical works and has stated that the one obsession that Gadkari had in his entire life was literature.

Gadkari Rangayatan (Gadkari Drama Theatre) & Statue

With a view to preserve the rich cultural heritage of Thane, the Thane Municipal Council constructed Rangayatan in 1979, a drama theatre, named after Shri Ram Ganesh Gadkari. The theatre has been hosting different plays and cultural programmes since. Also in Pune city in the well known Sambhaji Park Gadkari's statue has been installed. As a matter of coincidence this park is next door to the city's well known drama theatre Bal Gandharva Ranga Mandir.

Ram Ganesh Gadkari's Works:

Unfinished Plays
Garva Nirvan (गर्वनिर्वाण)
Wedyancha Bajar (वेड्यांचा बाजार)
Raj Sanyas (राजसंन्यास)

Vagvaijayanti (वाग्वैजयंती) (collection of poems)

Balakram (बाळकराम) (collection of humorous articles)

Completed Plays
Ekach Pyala (ek प्याला)
Prema Sanyas (प्रेमसंन्यास)
Punyaprabhav (पुण्यप्रभाव)
Bhava Bandhan (भावबंधन)

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