Ram Ratan Bhatnagar

(14 January 1914 - 13 April 1992 / Rampur / British India)

Biography of Ram Ratan Bhatnagar

Ram Ratan Bhatnagar poet

Dr. Ram Ratan Bhatnagar (Hindi: डॉ रामरतन भटनागर) was a Hindi scholar, professor in the Hindi Department at the University of Sagar, writer and critic of Hindi literature and poetry.

Early Days

Dr. Ram Ratan Bhatnagar was born on January 14, 1914 in the city of Rampur, Uttar Pradesh (India). After his initial education at Rampur he proceeded to Lucknow to study English literature where he came in close contact of poet ‘Nirala’ and was influences by his writings.


Later he moved to the University of Allahabad for studies and research in Hindi literature where he came in contact with eminent poets and writers like Sumitranandan Pant, Mahadevi Varma and Ram Kumar Verma. In 1951 he moved to the University of Sagar where Acharya Nand Dulare Bajpai was the head of the Hindi Department.

After further studies, he became a Master of Philosophy (English) at the University of Lucknow (1937), Master of Philosophy (HindI) at the University of Allahabad (1939) and Doctor of Philosophy at the University of Allahabad (1948) wher his main focus of research was the rise and growth of Hindi journalism. He was awarded Doctor of literature at the University of Sagar in 1972.

Literary Life

Dr. Ram Ratan Bhatnagar wrote books on literary criticism and essays on current topics. After joining the Hindi Department of the University of Saugor as Assistant Professor in 1951 he taught there until 1976 when he retired as a Professor.

He died on April 13, 1992.

Dr. Ram Ratan Bhatnagar established himself as independent and enlightened critic of Hindi literature. His critique on the works of the eminent writers of his time is reflected in his published works. Little is known about his capabilities as a poet because many of his works are not yet published, however his ability is reflected in the collections of poems that have been published.

Ram Ratan Bhatnagar's Works:


Ambapali (1939, 1945, 1951), Aakash ki Katha (1942) Jay Vasudev (1959).


Tandav (1942), Nirala (1962), Prakash Jahan Bhi Hai (1982), Tulasidas (1983), Venugeet (1984), Geeton ke Amaltas (1985), Jagaran (1991).


Aadhunik Kahaniyan (1957, 1959), Ruparang (1958), Gadyayan (1962), Saptarang (1968), Uttra (1968), Kalantar (1970), Saat Ekanki (1970), Sanchayan (1970), Nav Jatak (1970), Nibandh Nilay (1975), Rupayan (1975), Parampara (1977), Nikash (1980), Antarang (1980),

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