Sikander Abu Zafar

(19 March 1919 - 5 August 1975 / Satkhira / Bangladesh)

Biography of Sikander Abu Zafar

Sikander Abu Zafar poet

Sikander Abu Zafar (Bengali: সিকান্দার আবু জাফর) was a Bangladeshi litterateur and journalist.

Early Life

He was born at Tentulia in Satkhira (greater Khulna) where his grandfather Syed Alam Shah Hashemi had settled after coming from Peshwar in Pakistan. His full name is Syed Al Hashemi Abu Zafar Muhammad Bakht Sikander.

He passed Entrance examination (1936) from the neighbouring Tala B Dey Institute and received his IA degree from Ripon College, Kolkata. He started his career in the military accounts section (1939) in Kolkata and then applied for a job in the civil supply office. He also worked with the Globe News Agency of Satyendranath Majumdar for some time while operating his own business.

Literary Life

He came to Dhaka from Kolkata in 1950 and worked as a journalist for the Daily nabajug, the ittefaq, the sangbad and the Millat. He founded and edited (1959-1970) a monthly magazine called samakal. He also set up a printing press called Samakal Mudrayan and a publishing house named Samakal Prakashani in 1958.

Abu Zafar was one of the champions of the cultural movement that propagated Bengali nationalism in East Bengal in the 1960's. During the war of liberation in 1971, he composed a number of lyrics of patriotic and revolutionary nature to encourage the people of his country. His song 'Amader sangram chalbei' (Our struggle must continue) inspired people through out the country during the liberation war.


Although he is chiefly remembered as a poet, he was also proficient in prose.
His translated works include Yadur Kalas (Magical pitcher, 1959), Rubayyat: Omar Khayyam (Quatrains of Omar Khayyam, 1966), etc.

He was awarded the Bangla Academy Award (1966) for his plays and the Ekushey Padak (1984, posthumous).

He died in Dhaka, Bangladesh. He lies buried at Banani graveyard.

Sikander Abu Zafar's Works:


Purabi (a certain musical note, 1941), Natun Sakal (New dawn, 1946).

Short Stories

Mati ar Ashru (Soil and tears, 1942)

Collection of Poems

Prasanna Shahar (Cheerful city, 1965), Timirantik (At the end of darkness, 1965), Bairi Brstite (In the pelting rain, 1965), Brshchik-Lagna (The scorpion-time, 1971), Bangla Chado (Leave Bengal, 1971), The plays, Siraj-ud-Daula (1965) and Mahakabi Alaul (1966).

Collection of Songs

Malava Kaushik (1966).

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