Biography of Stephen Crane
an American novelist, short story writer, poet and journalist. Prolific throughout his short life, he wrote notable works in the Realist tradition as well as early examples of American Naturalism and Impressionism. He is recognized by modern critics as one of the most innovative writers of his generation.
The eighth surviving child of Methodist Protestant parents, Crane began writing at the age of four and had published several articles by the age of 16. Having little interest in university studies, he left school in 1891 and began work as a reporter and writer. Crane's first novel was the 1893 Bowery tale Maggie: A Girl of the Streets, which critics generally consider the first work of American literary Naturalism. He won international acclaim for his 1895 Civil War novel The Red Badge of Courage, which he wrote without any battle experience.
In 1896, Crane endured a highly publicized scandal after acting as witness for a suspected prostitute. Late that year he accepted an offer to cover the Spanish-American War as a war correspondent. As he waited in Jacksonville, Florida for passage to Cuba, he met Cora Taylor, the madam of a brothel, with whom he would have a lasting relationship. While en route to Cuba, Crane's ship sank off the coast of Florida, leaving him adrift for several days in a dinghy. His ordeal was later described in "The Open Boat". During the final years of his life, he covered conflicts in Greece and lived in England with Cora, where he befriended writers such as Joseph Conrad and H. G. Wells. Plagued by financial difficulties and ill health, Crane died of tuberculosis in a Black Forest sanatorium at the age of 28.
At the time of his death, Crane had become an important figure in American literature. He was nearly forgotten, however, until two decades later when critics revived interest in his life and work. Stylistically, Crane's writing is characterized by vivid intensity, distinctive dialects, and irony. Common themes involve fear, spiritual crises and social isolation. Although recognized primarily for The Red Badge of Courage, which has become an American classic, Crane is also known for short stories such as "The Open Boat", "The Blue Hotel", "The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky", and "The Monster". His writing made a deep impression on 20th century writers, most prominent among them Ernest Hemingway, and is thought to have inspired the Modernists and the Imagists.
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Stephen Crane Poems
A Man Said To The Universe:
A man said to the universe: "Sir I exist!" "However," replied the universe, "The fact has not created in me
In The Desert
In the desert I saw a creature, naked, bestial, who, squatting upon the ground, Held his heart in his hands,
Behold, The Grave Of A Wicked Man
Behold, the grave of a wicked man, And near it, a stern spirit. There came a drooping maid with violets,
And You Love Me
And you love me I love you.
A Spirit Sped
A spirit sped Through spaces of night; And as he sped, he called, "God! God!"
I Saw A Man Pursuing The Horizon
I saw a man pursuing the horizon; Round and round they sped. I was disturbed at this; I accosted the man.
A Man Went Before A Strange God
A man went before a strange God -- The God of many men, sadly wise. And the deity thundered loudly, Fat with rage, and puffing.
A God In Wrath
A god in wrath Was beating a man; He cuffed him loudly With thunderous blows
Do Not Weep, Maiden, For War Is Kind
Do not weep, maiden, for war is kind. Because your lover threw wild hands toward the sky And the affrighted steed ran on alone, Do not weep.
"It Was Wrong To Do This," Said The Ange...
"It was wrong to do this," said the angel. "You should live like a flower, Holding malice like a puppy, Waging war like a lambkin."
A Youth In Apparel That Glittered
A youth in apparel that glittered Went to walk in a grim forest. There he met an assassin Attired all in garb of old days;
A Man Saw A Ball Of Gold In The Sky;
A man saw a ball of gold in the sky; He climbed for it, And eventually he achieved it -- It was clay.
The wayfarer, Perceiving the pathway to truth, Was struck with astonishment. It was thickly grown with weeds.
A Man Feared That He Might Find An Assas...
Stamping across the sky
With loud swagger,
I fear You not.
No, though from Your highest heaven
You plunge Your spear at my heart,
I fear You not.