Sun Tzu


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  • James Mclain Is It Poetry James Mclain Is It Poetry (3/29/2014 4:11:00 PM)


    Sun Tzu
    For other people named Sun Tzu, see Sun Tzu (disambiguation) .
    Sun Tzu

    Statue of Sun Tzu in Yurihama, Tottori, in Japan
    Born 544 BC (traditional)
    Died 496 BC (traditional)
    Occupation Military General and Tactician
    Ethnicity Chinese
    Period Spring and Autumn
    Subjects Military strategy
    Notable work(s) The Art of War
    Sun Tzu
    Simplified Chinese ??
    Traditional Chinese ??
    Literal meaning Master Sun
    Transcriptions
    Mandarin
    Hanyu Pinyin Sunzi
    Wade–Giles Sun-tzu
    IPA sw?´n ts?`
    Middle Chinese
    Middle Chinese Swon-tsi[1]
    Sun Wu
    Simplified Chinese ??
    Traditional Chinese ??
    Transcriptions
    Mandarin
    Tongyong Pinyin Sun Wu
    Wade–Giles Sun Wu
    Changqing
    Simplified Chinese ??
    Traditional Chinese ??
    Literal meaning Venerable Minister
    Transcriptions
    Mandarin
    Hanyu Pinyin Chángqing
    Wade–Giles Ch‘ang-ch‘ing
    Sun Tzu (also rendered as Sun Zi) was a Chinese military general, strategist and philosopher who lived in the Spring and Autumn Period of ancient China. The name he is best known by is actually an honorific which means Master Sun: His birth name was Sun Wu and he was known outside of his family by his courtesy name Changqing. He is traditionally credited as the author of The Art of War, an extremely influential ancient Chinese book on military strategy. Sun Tzu has had a significant impact on Chinese and Asian history and culture, both as the author of The Art of War and as a legendary historical figure.

    Sun Tzu's historicity is uncertain. Sima Qian and other traditional historians placed him as a minister to King Helü of Wu and dated his lifetime to 544–496 BC. Modern scholars accepting his historicity nonetheless place the existing text of The Art of War in the later Warring States period based upon its style of composition and its descriptions of warfare.[2] Traditional accounts state that the general's descendant Sun Bin also wrote a treatise on military tactics, also titled The Art of War. Since both Sun Wu and Sun Bin were referred to as Sun Tzu in classical Chinese texts, some historians believed them identical prior to the rediscovery of Sun Bin's treatise in 1972.

    Sun Tzu's work has been praised and employed throughout East Asia since its composition. During the twentieth century, The Art of War grew in popularity and saw practical use in Western society as well. It continues to influence many competitive endeavors in Asia, Europe, and America including culture, politics, [3][4] business, [5] and sports, [6] as well as modern warfare.

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