Thomas Cogswell Upham
Biography of Thomas Cogswell Upham
Thomas Upham (30 January 1799 – 2 April 1872) was an American philosopher, psychologist, pacifist, poet, author, and educator. He was an important figure in the holiness movement. He became influential within psychology literature and served as the Bowdoin College professor of mental and moral philosophy from 1825-1868. His most popular work, Mental Philosophy received 57 editions over a 73-year period. Additionally, he produced a volume of 16 other books and the first treatise on abnormal psychology, as well as several other works on religious themes and figures. Specific teachings included a conception of mental faculties - one of these restoring the will to psychology be developing a tripartite division of mental phenomena into intellectual, sentient, and voluntary. The intellect subsumed sensation and perception, attention, habit, association, and memory as well as reasoning. Sensibilities included natural emotions and desires, such as appetites, propensities, and affections, and also moral emotions, such as a feeling of obligation. Finally, the last division was the will, which allowed for volition as a basic component of human nature. This positing of a will free to choose between desires and obligations reflected the authors own spiritual journey from a Calvinistic background to the Wesleyan holiness perspective. However, perhaps the most critical contribution to the field of psychology was Upham's concept of Positive psychology which asserts: There are fundamental, transcendent laws, and living in harmony with the is the key to mental and spiritual health. This concept laid the foundation for a healthy kind of religiosity.
Thomas Cogswell Upham Poems
Consolation In Sorrow
Although affliction smites my heart, And earthly pleasures flee, There is one bliss that ne'er shall part, My joy, oh God, in Thee.
Days Of Youth : Part First
When fearless seamen spread the journeying sail, And bear away beneath the welcome gale, To brave, o'er ocean's waste, with hardy form,
Man's Spirit Hath An Upward Look
Man's spirit hath an upward look, And robes itself with heavenly wings; E'en when 'tis here compelled to brook
The Deserted Island
From our lovely retreat, when forever we part, Where smile answered smile, and where heart beat to heart;
Sonnet Xvi. Christian Benevolence
Who is my brother? 'Tis not merely he, Who hung upon the same loved mother's breast; But every one, whoever he may be,
Sonnet Xxiii. The Physician Of The Mind
He makes the deaf to hear, the blind to see, Restores the faint, and doth the bleeding bind, But shows himself more strong in charity,
Oh, tell me no more of the blisses prevailing In the tapestried halls of the noble and great, Oh, tell me no more of the joys never failing,
Christ Our Refuge
Dark is the watery way Of life's tempestuous sea: And none, Oh Christ, are safe, but they Who put their trust in Thee.
A Little Bird I Am
A Little bird I am, Shut from the fields of air; And in my cage I sit and sing To Him, who placed me there;
If There E'Er Was A Time
If there e'er was a time of rejoicing, 'twas then When we first broke asunder the shackles that bound us,
How Happy Is The Peaceful Breast
How happy is the peaceful breast, No agitating strife that knows;-- Through which the stream of holy rest In one unbroken current flows?
God The Unfailing Source Of Love
Oh Thou, who givest the true desire, Thyself the only source of love, Within our humbled hearts inspire Affections, springing from above,
If men of earth, for earth's renown, Are willing long to wait or toil, Nor shrink to lay existence down Upon the war-field's bloody soil;--
Enmity Of The Heart
If there is sunshine in the face, And joy upon the brow, Do not suppose, that there's a trace Of answering joy below.
Christ Our Refuge
Dark is the watery way
Of life's tempestuous sea:
And none, Oh Christ, are safe, but they
Who put their trust in Thee.
Loud is the stormy wind;
The seaman are afraid;
But those shall strength and mercy find,
Whose souls on Christ are stayed.