Valentine de Saint-Point
Biography of Valentine de Saint-Point
Valentine de Saint-Point, born Anna Jeanne Valentine Marianne Glans de Cessiat-Vercell (Lyon, 16 February 1875 - Cairo, 28 March 1953), was a woman of letters and a French artist. She was a writer, poet, painter, playwright, art critic, choreographer, lecturer and journalist. She is primarily known for being the first woman to have written a futurist manifesto, but was also active in Parisian salons, and the associated literary and artistic movements of the Belle Epoque. Her writings and performances of La Métachorie, which demonstrated her theory of "a total fusion of the arts." The later period of her life was dominated by the politics of the Middle East and North Africa.
Saint-Point was the only daughter of Alice de Glans de Cessiat and Charles-Joseph Vercell. Her mother was the niece of poet Alphonse de Lamartine. The pseudonym Saint-Point took upon her entry into the literary world refers to the home of this famous ancestor, the Château de Saint-Point.
In 1883 her father died and Alice returned to Mâcon with her daughter, who grew up surrounded by her grandmother and tutor. In 1893 Valentine married Florian Theophile Perrenot, a teacher 14 years her senior. The following year he was appointed to Lons le Saunier, where Valentine met Charles Dumont, a philosophy professor and colleague of her husband. Dumont became her lover. In 1897, Perrenot was transferred to Corsica. This was Saint-Point's first trip to the Mediterranean. Perronot eventually transferred to Niort, where he died the summer of 1899.