Biography of Vivien Kellems
Vivien Kellems, (born June 7, 1896 in Des Moines, Iowa; died 1975) was a Connecticut industrialist, public speaker, and tax resister who fought the Federal government of the United States for over 25 years over withholding under 26 USC §3402 and other aspects of income tax in the United States. She was also a fervent supporter of voting reform and the Equal Rights Amendment.
Kellems received a BA from the University of Oregon in 1918, where she became the only woman on the debate team. She went on to earn a masters degree in economics, and worked towards a PhD at Columbia University and the University of Edinburgh.
In 1927, she founded Kellems Cable Grips, Inc., in Connecticut, based on a patent for an invention in the area by her brother.
The Kellems Grip is the patented invention. Vivien Kellems and her brother Edgar Kellems invented an improved version of the wire mesh grip in use at that time and the "endless-weave grip" was born. Around 1928 Vivien Kellems solicited Queens Electric Light and Power Company and the Brooklyn Edison Company for a total of twenty orders, hired a man to weave wire the Kellems Company was underway. The grip is a mechanical product for pulling, positioning, routing and strain relief of cables.