Socrates (c. 469 BC – 399 BC) was a classical Greek Athenian philosopher. Credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, he is an enigmatic figure known chiefly through the accounts of later classical writers, especially the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon, and the plays of his contemporary Aristophanes. Many would claim that Plato's dialogues are the most comprehensive accounts of Socrates to survive from antiquity.
Through his portrayal in Plato's dialogues, Socrates has become renowned for his contribution to the field of ethics, and it is this Platonic Socrates who also lends his name to the concepts of Socratic irony and the Socratic method, or elenchus. ... more »
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''Whenever, therefore, people are deceived and form opinions wide of the truth, it is clear that the error has slid into their minds through the medium of certain resemblances to that truth.''Socrates (469-399 B.C.), Greek philosopher. Quoted in Plato, Phaedrus, sct. 262.
''I was afraid that by observing objects with my eyes and trying to comprehend them with each of my other senses I might blind my soul altogether.''Socrates (469-399 B.C.), Greek philosopher. quoted in Phaedo, sct. 98, Plato.
''Every pleasure or pain has a sort of rivet with which it fastens the soul to the body and pins it down and makes it corporeal, accepting as true whatever the body certifies.''Socrates (469-399 B.C.), Greek philosopher. Quoted in Phaedo, sct. 81, Plato.
To fear death, my friends, is only to think ourselves wise, without being wise: for it is to think that we know what we do not know. For anything that men can tell, death may be the greatest good that...Socrates (469-399 B.C.), Greek philosopher. quoted in Plato, Apology, sct. 29.