Pablo Neruda was the pen name of Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto who is born in July 12, 1904, in Chile. He died on September 23, 1973 in Santiago. He chose his pen name after Czech poet Jan Neruda. Chilean poet, diplomat, and politician who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971. He was perhaps the most important Latin American poet of the 20th century.
In his book Twenty Poems of Love and a Song of Despair, Neruda created erotically charged love poetry, surrealist poems, historical epics, and blatantly political manifestos, among other forms. Neruda was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971. Gabriel Garca Márquez, a Colombian author, once declared him "the greatest poet of the 20th century in any language." Green ink was usually used by Neruda since it was his special hue of optimism.
He read to 100,000 people in honor of Communist revolutiınary leader Luis Carlos Prestes on July 15, 1945, at Pacaembu Stadium in Brazil. Neruda had a number of political posts during his lifetime, including a stint as a Chilean Communist Party senator. In 1948, when conservative Chilean President González Videla declared communism illegal, a warrant for Neruda's arrest was issued. In the Chilean port of Valparaso, friends harbored him for months in a home basement. Later, through a mountain route near Maihue Lake in Argentina, Neruda slipped into exile. Years later, Neruda became a close associate of Salvador Allende, the socialist president of Chile. Allende asked ..