Ambikagiri Raichoudhury (Assamese: অম্বিকাগিৰি ৰায়চৌধুৰী) was an Assamese poet and nationalist. Ambikagiri Raichoudhury was born on the 18th of December, 1885 in Raipara area of Barpeta, Lower Assam. His father's name was Krishnaram Raichoudhury and his mother's name was Devaki Devi.
Ambikagiri Raichoudhury was a poet, playwright and patriot all rolled in one. He took part in the Independence Movement for India and was imprisoned by the British for the same. He was the founder of "Oxom Xongrikhini Xobhaa" (Assam Preservation Council) and "Oxom Jaatiyo Mohaaxobhaa" (Assam National Congress).
Ambikagiri Raichoudhury's works include "Tumi", "Kaabyo", "Aahuti", "Joydroth Bodh", "Binaa", "Onubhuti", "Bondoo Ki Sondere", and "Bedonaar Ulkaa". He was also the editor of "Setonaa" and "Dekaa Oxom", two Assamese magazines.
Ambikagiri Raichoudhury is known as "Assam Kesari" (The lion of Assam) because of his firebrand nationalist character. He was the President of Assam Sahitya Sabha in 1950.
In 1965 he won the Sahitya Akademi Award.
The Ambikagiri Raichoudhury Award presented by Asam Sahitya Sabha is named after him.