Baruch Spinoza and later Benedict de Spinoza (24 November 1632 – 21 February 1677) was a Jewish-Dutch philosopher. Revealing considerable scientific aptitude, the breadth and importance of Spinoza's work was not fully realized until years after his death. By laying the groundwork for the 18th century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, he came to be considered one of the great ... more »
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''The order and connection of ideas is the same as the order and connection of things.''Baruch (Benedict) Spinoza (1623-1677), Dutch pantheistic philosopher. Ethics, bk. II, prop. vii, On the Improvement of the Understanding, the Ethics, ...
''Nothing in the universe is contingent, but all things are conditioned to exist and operate in a particular manner by the necessity of the divine nature.''Baruch (Benedict) Spinoza (1623-1677), Dutch pantheistic philosopher. Ethics, bk. I, prop. Xxix, On the Improvement of the Understanding, the Ethics, ...