Dr. Geeta Radhakrishna Menon
Vedas 45 - Kathopanishad - Part 4 - Turn The Mind Inwards - Poem by Dr. Geeta Radhakrishna Menon
Yama continues to pour out his knowledge and wisdom.
Nachiketa listens, imbibes and retains the esoteric knowledge.
"The Sense and Sense organs,
Tend to chase the external objects,
Totally deluded by the external glitter.
The foolish man continues to pursue in a
Tearing hurry to capture the illusive things,
Thereby, falling again and again into a trap,
Tethering himself to the cycle of transmigration."
"When the gaze of the Mind and the Senses,
Wheels around to make a definite ‘U' turn,
A path directed inwards,
Away from the external sensual objects; Then,
A transformation takes place or
A discovery of the inner ‘Self'
A realisation known as ‘Pratyagaatman'."
"O Nachiketaa! Did you know that
The Atman, the Self or the Soul
Residing inside each Being
Is the size of a thumb?
Even though, so small,
The Soul is the Lord of
The past, present and future."
Neither the study of scriptures,
Nor acquiring phenomenal knowledge,
Can make a person realise the ‘Atman'.
Only a pure Self with a pure mind is
United with the Brahman or the Supreme Soul,
Just as one pure water is mixed with another pure water,
Joined and mixed perfectly, becomes absolutely identical!
Poet's Notes about The Poem
The dialogue between Nachiketaa and Yama, though long, is very interesting and absorbing. The dialogue spreads over six chapters or sections containing 119 verses. Chapter 1 - 29 verses, Chapter 2 - 25 verses, Chapter 3 - 17 Verses, Chapter 4 - 15 verses, Chapter 5- 15 verses and Chapter 6 - 18 verses.
With this poem, I enter the fourth chapter or section, also known as vallee.
Each Upanishad should be read from the beginning and in order of the Series, specially Kathopanishad, which is illustrated through a story.Otherwise, neither the story or the essence of the Upanishad will be understood. It would be difficult to grasp the philosophy of the Upanishad.
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